Listen to this post, courtesy of the team at Optimal Finance Daily.
Today I want to show you how over the ten years of our marriage (my 30th through my 39th year) we’ve saved an average of 20% of our pre-tax income towards retirement.
In our worst year, we saved 10%, and in our best, nearly 40%! Not bad, right?
20% just happens to be one of the most commonly recommended percentages for retirement savings. Total coincidence, I swear.
Regardless, saving this much money has led to us to look at our balances and ask the question, “should we stop saving for retirement altogether and start focusing on other goals: the mortgage, college, fun, etc.?”
I’m by no means taking a victory lap here – we’re not prepared to retire early. But I do hope this article will give you a snapshot of what’s possible over a ten year period. Here’s an actual snapshot:
Today I want to share the why and the how of our retirement savings history.
But first, some caveats:
- We didn’t blow the other 80%. This is only retirement savings, not all savings (see all of our savings goals). Over these ten years we’ve also saved up for 20% down payments on two homes, paid for a new van with cash, started some taxable investing, and paid off large debts, like our student loans and old car notes. If I had to calculate our actual living cost % after taxes, tithing/charity, and non-retirement savings goals, I would put it at around 55-60% of our income.
- I became self-employed in 2010. Which allowed us to open up Solo 401K accounts and significantly increase our annual tax-advantaged retirement savings abilities. This, in combination with getting rid of debts has led us to be able to save more and more each year.
- Finally, I’m not sharing our income here, but I can give you some examples of what saving 20% for ten years might look like for certain incomes (assumes a 6% return):
– Someone with an income of $25,000 saving 20% would be able to amass $69,858.21 over ten years. That amount would turn into $224,044.74 over the next 20 years without saving any more.
– Someone with an income of $75,000 saving 20% would be able to amass $209,574.64 over ten years. That amount would turn into $672,134.26 over the next 20 years without saving any more.
– Someone with an income of $125,000 saving 20% would be able to amass $349,291.07 over ten years. That amount would turn into $1,120,223.78 over the next 20 years without saving any more.
So as you can see, saving 20% in your 30s will have you well on your way to a healthy retirement account. Here’s a quick snapshot of our income compared to our contribution:
Why We Saved the Percentage We Did
My motivation for saving for retirement in our 30s was two-fold:
First, and maybe surprisingly so, I don’t like paying federal income taxes. Any chance I get to escape a few taxes I’ll take it, even if temporarily. So, when I started earning good money through my job, I saw my company 401K as a way to reduce my current tax bill. Sounds crazy, I know. But it’s honestly a big part of my motivation.
Much of this passion was driven by reading personal finance blogs in my late 20s and early 30s and being inspired by those stories – which is why I’m sharing this post today.
Secondly, I value security, personal responsibility, and my independence. I don’t want to depend on anyone for assistance when I’m old and too tired to work for myself. Having a nice retirement savings will allow me to rest a bit easier in my older age, knowing I’m not a burden on my fellow man.
For Mrs. PT, she’s simply more conservative financially and values security even more than I do. So she never lacked any motivation to save for the future. She’s frugal by nature.
We didn’t set out to save 20%. In fact, we’ve never sat down to determine an actual percentage. Our approach has always been about saving as much as possible and at a minimum, getting our employer matches and hitting our maximum annual contribution limits.
20% is probably a great percentage for anyone to aim for if you’re considering building up enough savings to comfortably retire (possibly a bit early). But don’t think you need to start out there.
We started around 10% (and I was saving even less than that when I was in my 20s). Just get started saving now and you’ll find that as you mature financially, you’ll want to save more.
How We Saved 20% of Our Income for Retirement
While 20% isn’t a mind-blowing percentage of savings (there’s a new movement of 50% savers out there, which I highly applaud), it is consistent and significant for our long-term financial future. Here’s how we did it:
1. We used the tax-advantaged accounts available to us. When I was working in corporate (2006-2009) I used the company 401K (and match) while Mrs. PT used her 403B. When we “maxed” those options out, we opened up Roth IRAs (in 2008) to place additional savings. And when I became self-employed (2010), we opened up Solo 401Ks. Each account has different rules, but we usually were able to use two or more in tandem. For the extra curious, we use this one fund in all of our retirement investing.
2. We automated our savings deposits where possible. Nothing has led to more consistent savings for us better than the automatic savings approach. It just works. If you aren’t automating your retirement savings, go right now and start it up.
3. We saved the increases. When we got more income, either because debt reduction freed up more money in our budget, or simply because I started making more with my business, we always put that extra money towards more savings. We didn’t let our lifestyle creep up to match our new disposable income.
4. We did a few crazy things. Over the years we’ve made some sacrifices and lived an unorthodox life in pursuit of a more frugal existence. We’ve:
- cut the cable,
- built our own furniture,
- done some DIY home repair,
- travel hacked our vacations and work travel,
- kept the same car for 10 years (I need to write about this apparently),
- gone on a week-long spending freeze,
- and most recently switched to a medical sharing program.
I share those things to spice this post up a bit and give you a little something interesting to take with you. But my beliefs about frugality have evolved since first setting out to “save money” by doing some of these things.
I think frugality it great, and the practice of it has led to a healthier, happier life. But frugality really hasn’t moved the needle for us in our ability to save as much as we have. We’ve saved consistently because we’ve focused on #2 above. It’s the most important thing to do.
Takeaways For Your Retirement Savings Journey
- A decade of saving consistently can have a significant impact on your retirement.
- It’s important to find your motivation, but relying on a system of automatic contributions is key.
- 20% is a great goal for those in their 30s, but you don’t have to start there. Start at 10% like we did.
- Getting rid of debt and building that side income can help you get to your goals faster.
What percentage of your income are you saving for retirement?