Do you drive for your job? Then you might be eligible for a mileage deduction. Here is an easy-to-understand guide to the IRS standard mileage deduction. Happy filing!
1. What kind of driving is deductible?
If you drive for business in some way and your employer does not reimburse you for gas, those miles are eligible for the deduction. Common jobs that accrue deductible miles include realtors, sales, and contractors.
In addition, miles logged for charitable organizations and medical or moving expenses can also be deducted.
2. Is it worth my time to log the miles and file the deduction?
To be able to take advantage of this deduction, your unreimbursed expenses must equal more than 2% of your salary. If you have to drive three miles down the road several times a week to go from the main office to the salesroom, it’s not a necessary to start logging your miles.
If, however, you spend a great deal of each day in the car, you could be missing out on some major tax savings if you do not deduct your miles.
3. What is the rate for the mileage deduction?
In 2016, the business mileage rate was 54¢ per mile. The rate for mileage accrued for charitable organizations was 14¢ per mile. The rate for medical or moving expenses was 19¢ per mile.
The new rates for this year (2017) are 53.5¢, 14¢ (charity), and 17¢ (medical).
4. What kind of driving is not eligible for the deduction?
You are not entitled to the deduction for miles driven during your commute. You cannot be using more than five cars at once to qualify, and your car cannot be for hire. (In other words, you cannot deduct your mileage if you are running a taxi company).
Finally, if this is the first year that you have accrued unreimbursed miles for business, you must take the standard mileage deduction, rather than the Actual Expenses Deduction (see question 5 below).
5. What is the Actual Expenses Deduction?
If you believe that the cost of using the car will add up to more than the 54¢ per mile that the standard mileage deduction will provide you, it might make sense to deduct your actual expenses. These include the cost of lease payments, licenses, repair, insurance, maintenance, depreciation, parking, etc.
Do not forget, however, that parking expenses are still deductible even if you choose the standard deduction. This option is not for everyone, but if you’re organized and diligent, you might find that this is the better option for you.
6. Is there anything that can help me to log my miles?
For years, the only way to keep track of miles for this deduction was with pen and paper. Now, there are several programs out there that can log your miles automatically through your GPS.
Unfortunately, none of this technology is cheap, so this is only worth your while if you drive a great deal, are particularly disorganized, or know that you will be logging miles for years and years to come.
If you have an iPhone, I did find a .99 app called Day Tracker and an app called AutoMilez that you might find useful.
If you track your miles, how do you do it?